återvändarna / the returners

Återvändarna / The Returners is a series of anthotype prints inspired by re-appropriated archival photographs of Swedish-American migrants taken between ca. 1850-1920 from Nordiska Museet archive, Västerbottensmuseum archive, and the Högsjö Hembyggdsförening archives. The work has been exhibited in 2019 at The Sune Jonsson Centre for Documentary Photography at Västerbottens Museum, Västernorrlands Museum in Sweden and The Missoula Art Museum in Montana, USA (installation view at right).

The series was reproduced with an essay in book form in 2021 (13,5 cm x 9,5 cm, first edition of 300, self-published). Available at Photoeye books and Konstig books


“… the images are brought back to the land from which their subjects once left. Here, images from the archive are combined with plant-based emulsion and sunlight to create the anthotype, a plant-based photographic process invented in the early 1840s. Until recently, anthotypes have been largely ignored for their inherent impermanence; the inability to remain fixed. This trait, once seen as a drawback, is re-envisioned in Återvändarna / The Returners . The archival images are digitally captured and reworked before being exposed on hand-dyed paper for 2-6 weeks in the brief, but intense, summer sunlight of Northern Sweden. The emulsion itself is made from plants found nearby my home including wild blueberries (often described as a native plant tied to the Swedish self-image) and lupine flowers (often described as an “invasive species” brought to Sweden from North America circa 1870). The act of harvesting the plants offers space for contemplation and the processing of the emulsion is just that – a processing. Traces of plant material create images and associations of their own, leaving behind the mark of the landscape in the emulsion. The resulting anthotypes are an integration of time and place. The process returns the archival image to a state of transition while simultaneously connecting the work with the land and its history. The works return migrants to their transient fates while inviting us to contemplate the impermanent nature of the human condition…”